Formerly known as Celebes, Sulawesi ranked the fourth largest island in Indonesia. Consists of Bajau, Mogondow, Makassar, Bugis, Mandar, Toraja, Gorontalo, and Minahasa ethnics groups, Sulawesi, has a diversity of culture, people, and scenery. That is why we want to explore traditional fabrics that Sulawesi owned.
Here we list down three names of Sulawesi fabrics for you!
- Kain Tenun Donggala
Discovered in 1591, Koffo was made by the son and daughter of Sangihe Talaud King a long time ago. The raw material made from abaca banana tree fibers, which Sangihe Talaud people called it hote or rote, while in Manado called manila banana or kofi sang. However, this fabric considers extinct due to lack of awareness from people in Sulawesi as well as the preserving of it. As for the decorative in Koffo fabric, formed according to woven sample by using weaving dye techniques from local villagers, which the motifs based on traditional shapes and symbols.
- Lipa Saqbe Mandar
Lipa Saqbe Mandar is a traditional cloth of Mandar, West Sulawesi that has distinctive style and characteristic. This fabric is very famous especially in the surrounding area; Bugis and Makassar. The pattern is not arbitrary since the motive (Sure’ or flower) has specific designation based on economic standards, culture, and also social strata. For the Lipa Saqbe Sure’ motif, it is known as the original motif or the Mandar silk sarong with no decoration or flower that makes it conspicuous. On the other hand, the Lipa Saqbe Flower motif have ornaments of flowers, which is a derivative of Sure’ type.
- Kain Koffo
This weaving cloth is one of the clothes that founded in the Hindu era of Indonesia. It has long history along with meanings behind every creation. The decorative pattern type that shaped with geometric lines firstly known in prehistoric times. As for the geometric decoration has a similarity element with the of Dongson culture.
The name itself means the brotherhood of the surrounding villages. Nowadays, Sekomandi has been used to decorate traditional marriages. Dassi bone is the name of Sekomandi main motif.